C-level executives and CEOs usually use an executive portfolio. The robust portfolio includes a customized cover letter, professional résumé, biography, an addendum/success story page, and media coverage highlighting projects, contributions, and results. Additional documentation such as publications and speaking engagements may be included. Executive websites are still not mainstream, so many portfolios do not include a digital aspect.
Professionals in director, vice president, and c-level positions may use an executive résumé. A template is not customized enough for these professionals to effectively communicate their achievements and contributions. Most executive résumés are unique, branded, and written by professional résumé writer.
Specialists, supervisors, managers, and some directors use a customized, professional résumé. For professionals with five or more years of experience and increasing responsibility, a professionally written cover letter and résumé showcase unique contributions, competency, and leadership or subject matter expertise. These branded documents help communicate value while also differentiating the professional.
New graduate and career change résumés benefit professionals just starting their career. The benefits of professionally written documents are concise communication of skills, contributions, and knowledge to position the professional for a new role.
Curriculum Vitae (CV) provides an overview of life accomplishments including experience, skills, and contributions. These documents are typically longer than a résumé and are used by professionals in higher education, healthcare, international professionals, and some entrepreneurs securing funding. Similar to a résumé, a CV is designed to show education, experience, and competencies, as well as publications, research, teaching experience, and clinical studies.
Template résumé can be appropriate for a first-time job seeker and some tradespeople. The simple style gathers key details, like contact information, and generates a document that can communicate basic information to a hiring manager.
When considering which document to use, consider the application process, the type of document the hiring manager requests, and how you want to be perceived. Most employers in the United States will ask for a résumé.
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